The Tesla Model 3 is a compendious executive, fastback and sedan which is barrage power and produced by Tesla. [ 7 ] Limited production of the Model 3 began in mid-2017, with the first gear production fomite rolling off the fabrication line on July 7, 2017. [ 8 ] [ 9 ] [ 10 ] The official establish and pitch of the first gear 30 cars took place on July 28. [ 11 ]
Reading: Tesla Model 3 – Wikipedia
The base Model 3 delivers an EPA -rated all-electric rate of 272 miles ( 438 kilometer ) and the Long Range version delivers 358 miles ( 576 kilometer ). [ 12 ] According to Tesla, the Model 3 carries broad self-driving hardware, with periodic software updates adding functionality. [ 13 ] [ 14 ] [ 15 ] The Model 3 was marketed as being more low-cost to more people than previous models by Tesla. Since early on 2020, the Model 3 is the best-selling electric car in world history, [ 16 ] and, in June 2021, became the first electric car to pass the 1 million global sales milestone. [ 17 ] The Model 3 has been the world ‘s peak selling circuit board electric car ( PEV ) for three years running, from 2018 to 2020. [ 18 ] [ 19 ] [ 20 ] It has besides been the best-selling PEV in the United States for three consecutive years, 2018 to 2020, [ 21 ] [ 22 ] [ 23 ] the top sell PEV in Europe in 2019, [ 24 ] and the best-selling PEV in China in 2020. [ 25 ]
history [edit ]
rise position In an interview for Wired Science recorded during 2006, Elon Musk presented the Model 3 as likely being low-cost by most people able to purchase newfangled cars. [ 26 ] In 2008 the car was stated to be a syndicate car. [ 27 ] In 2017 Tesla added that the Standard Range adaptation of the all-electric car would have an estimated EPA-rated range of 215 miles ( 346 kilometer ), a five-passenger seating capacity, front and rise trunks, and promised sports-car levels of acceleration performance. [ better source needed ] [ 28 ] [ 29 ] Tesla said it would have a 5-Star safety rat and have a drag coefficient of C d =0.23. [ 30 ] This is lower than the Tesla Model S drag coefficient of C d =0.24, which, in 2014, was the lowest among the production cars of the time. [ 30 ] Within a workweek of unveiling the Model 3 in 2016, Tesla revealed they had taken 325,000 reservations for the car. These reservations represented electric potential sales of over US $ 14 billion. [ 31 ] [ 32 ] By August 2017, there were 455,000 net reservations. [ 33 ] [ 34 ] diligence experts were doubtful when, in May 2016, Tesla announced its decision to advance its 500,000-total-unit construct plan ( combined for Model S, Model X, and Model 3 ) to 2018, two years earlier than previously planned, in order to accelerate its target for Model 3 end product. [ 35 ] [ 36 ] [ 37 ] As predicted, there were “ production bottlenecks ” and “ production hell ”. In May 2016, Tesla issued US $ 2 billion in new shares to the malcolm stock grocery store to finance the plan. [ 38 ] The company plans for the Model 3 are part of Tesla ‘s three-step strategy to start with a high-price fomite and move increasingly towards lower-cost vehicles, while the battery and electric drivetrain were improved and paid for through the sales of the Roadster, Model S, and Model X vehicles. [ 39 ] On April 18, 2018, Tesla updated its production target to 6,000 vehicles per week by the end of June 2018, an increase from its former target of 5,000 vehicles per workweek which was previously promised at earlier dates. [ 40 ] [ 41 ] [ 42 ] [ 43 ] On July 1, 2018, Elon Musk announced that Tesla had met its output goal of 5,000 cars in a workweek. [ 44 ] [ 45 ] [ 46 ] On February 28, 2019, Tesla announced the handiness of the lower-cost, highly anticipated, $ 35,000, Standard Range trim. [ 47 ] however, on April 12, 2019, Tesla announced that the Standard Range model would no farseeing be available for ordering on-line, but lone over the phone or in stores. Autopilot, previously a $ 3000 choice, was included in all versions of the Model 3 except for the Standard Range, while each adaptation ‘s price merely increased by $ 2,000. [ 48 ] In February 2019, the Model 3 passed the Chevrolet Volt to become the all-time best-selling circuit board electric car in the U.S. [ 49 ] [ 50 ] Model 3 sales surpassed the Nissan Leaf in early 2020 to become the earth ‘s all-time top sell circuit board electric cable car. [ 16 ]
Model naming [edit ]
During an interview recorded in 2006 Musk referred to “ Model 2 ” ( later Tesla Model S ), and to “ Model 3 ”. [ 26 ] The Model 3 was codenamed Tesla “ BlueStar ” in the original business design in 2007. [ 51 ] [ 52 ] [ 53 ] An intended name of “ Model E ” was not used owing to Ford ‘s trademark for an electric fomite expected to be released by Ford in early 2019. [ 54 ] Model 3, in the first place stylized as “ Model ☰ ”, was announced on Musk ‘s Twitter account on July 16, 2014. [ 55 ] A 2015-presentation by JB Straubel used the mention “ Model III ”. [ 56 ] As of 2016 Musk had wanted the three models to spell SEX, but settled for “ S3X ”. [ 57 ] In early 2017, after brand opposition regarding Adidas ‘s three stripes logo, [ 58 ] the triplicate horizontal-bar stylization was abandoned and changed to a numeric “ 3 ”. [ 59 ]
grocery store [edit ]
In September 2015, Tesla announced that the Model 3 would be unveiled in March 2016. [ 60 ] In January 2016, Musk said that the foremost official pictures of the car will be revealed at the end of March 2016. [ 61 ] Delivery would begin in late 2017 first on the U.S. ‘s west slide and then move eastwards. [ 62 ] Potential customers were beginning able to reserve a car at Tesla stores or on-line on March 31 with a refundable deposit of US $ 1000. [ 63 ] [ 64 ] In February 2016, Tesla indicated that the unveil would be on March 31, 2016. [ 65 ] Employees of Tesla [ 66 ] [ 67 ] and SpaceX were given early access to Model 3 reservations, [ 68 ] and about 10,000 signed up without discount rate, [ 69 ] scheduled to receive the inaugural batch of cars. [ 70 ] [ 63 ] Current owners of Tesla vehicles got priority sales after employees but before the general public, as a honor for helping pay up for the development of the Model 3. [ 63 ] ( Employees and current owners were likely to be more broad of early product flaws : [ 71 ] both the Model S and the Model X had several problems at the start of their production, [ 72 ] [ 63 ] and have since improved. ) [ 73 ] On the good morning of March 31, 2016, tens of thousands of people waited in lines to place the refundable deposit to reserve a Model 3 for 2017 pitch. [ 74 ] [ 75 ] During the Model 3 unveil consequence, Tesla said that over 115,000 people had reserved the Model 3 in less than 24 hours anterior ; [ 76 ] [ 77 ] more cars than Tesla had sold by that time. [ 31 ] Twenty-four hours after opening reservations, Tesla had advanced orders for over 180,000 cars. [ 78 ] [ 79 ] Two days later, Tesla said they had 232,000 reservations. [ 31 ] [ 80 ] One week after the uncover, Tesla said it had over 325,000 reservations, more than triple the count of Model S sedans sold by the goal of 2015. [ 31 ] [ 32 ] Musk said that 5 % of reservations equate to the maximum of two vehicles allowed per customer, “ suggesting low levels of guess ”, [ 81 ] and that 93 % of Model 3 reservations are from fresh buyers who do not presently own a Tesla. [ 63 ] The previous record for advance deposits on a car was the 1955 Citroën DS that had 80,000 deposits during the ten days of the Paris Auto Show, while the Model 3 had 232,000 reservations in two days. [ 31 ] According to Tesla ‘s global vice-president Robin Ren, China is the second-largest marketplace for the Model 3 after the US. [ 82 ] Tesla said the number of net income reservations totaled about 373,000 as of May 15, 2016, after about 8,000 customer cancellations and about 4,200 reservations canceled by the car manufacturer because these appeared to be duplicates from speculators. [ 83 ] [ 84 ] Upon its release in July 2017, there had been over 500,000 reservations for the Model 3, [ 85 ] with Musk by and by clarifying there were a web of 455,000 reservations great, and an average of 1,800 reservations were being added per day. [ 33 ] [ 34 ]
blueprint [edit ]
touchscreen, sporting the new UI design from Tesla’s December 2020 “Holiday Update” Center-mounted 15.4-inch ( 39 curium ) LCD sporting the new UI design from Tesla ‘s December 2020 “ Holiday Update ” In 2013 design chief Franz von Holzhausen said that the Model 3 will “ be an Audi A4, BMW 3 Series, Mercedes-Benz C-Class type of fomite that will offer everything : roll, affordability, and operation ” that is targeted toward the mass market. [ 1 ] [ 88 ] While technology from Tesla ‘s Model S will be used in the Model 3, [ 89 ] it will be 20 % smaller than the Model S [ 90 ] and have its own singular design. [ 91 ] According to Tesla ‘s CTO, JB Straubel, in October 2015, most tesla engineers were working on the 3 rather than S or X. [ 92 ] [ 93 ] Since electric cars have lower cooling needs than combustion cars, the Model 3 does not have nor need a front wicket. [ 94 ] Musk intended for the final design to be released on June 30, 2016 [ 95 ] but when the design was finished on July 27, it was not publicly released. [ 96 ] After the final examination design of the first Model 3, any far changes would be included in future versions of the Model 3. [ 97 ] The standard glass roof developed by Tesla Glass is made of the lapp field glass used for Tesla ‘s roof tiles. [ 98 ]
Tesla Model 3 MY2021 refresh in China In November 2020, the Model 3 was refreshed with cosmetic and inner changes, many carried over from the Model Y. The fresh Model 3 replaced the chrome doorway handles, side mirror trim, window trim, and camera covers with a black finish up. Double-paned front window glass, a powered torso, new center console, and minor performance upgrades were added to all Model 3 trimming levels. The car ‘s technology was updated to reflect Tesla ‘s advances with the Model Y, including the initiation of a heat heart and proprietary octovalve that increases the car ‘s inflame and cooling efficiency. [ 99 ] [ 100 ] [ 101 ]
production [edit ]
As of December 2016, Tesla planned to increase the size of the Tesla Factory in Fremont, California, to accommodate Model 3 production. [ 102 ] [ 103 ] [ 104 ] [ needs update ]
production stages [edit ]
In a 2013 consultation, Jerome Guillen discussed “ BlueStar ” ( codename for the Model 3 project ), stating that Tesla was expecting to finally produce 400,000 cars per year. [ 105 ] In May 2016 Tesla told its suppliers that it intended to double earlier-announced [ clarification needed ] Model 3 product targets to 100,000 in 2017 and 400,000 in 2018 ascribable to demand, which suppliers [ 106 ] [ 107 ] and many experts viewed as unachievable. [ 108 ] [ 109 ] In the Tesla Factory, paint lines for 500,000 automobiles commenced in 2015, and some emboss equipment for the Model 3 was functional by August 2016. [ 110 ] Tesla bought Grohmann Engineering, experienced in automated fabricate, in January 2017. This acquisition launched Tesla Advanced Automation Germany, which Tesla said would develop manufacture processes to be used initially in Model 3 production. [ 111 ] According to Tesla in former 2016, the company expected to invest between US $ 2 billion and US $ 2.5 billion in capital expenditures ahead of the get down of Model 3 production. [ 111 ] After the two Alpha prototypes were shown ( silver and black ; red was a shell ) in April 2016, Tesla finished the design in late July 2016. Tesla ordered parts equivalent to 300 Beta prototypes in August 2016, preparing for development of the assembly line. As of August 2016, the company intended to make unblock candidates for testing anterior to actual production. [ 112 ] [ 113 ] Tesla began building Model 3 prototypes in early February 2017 as part of the testing of the fomite design and fabrication processes. Tesla said in late 2016 that initial crash quiz results had been positive. [ 111 ] Crash test results in mid-2019 were scored at 96 % for protective covering of adults ; 86 % for protective covering of children and 74 % for the direction it handles “ vulnerable road users ” such as pedestrians. In addition, the Model 3 ‘s “ safety help ” mode scored 94 %. [ 114 ] In October 2016 Tesla said its product timeline was on schedule. [ 115 ] [ 116 ] [ 117 ] Again in February 2017, Tesla said that vehicle development, supply chain and manufacture are on track to support volume deliveries of the Model 3 in the irregular one-half of 2017. circumscribed fomite product began in July 2017 and volume production was scheduled at that prison term to start by September 2017. As of February 2017, Tesla planned to ramp up product to exceed 5,000 vehicles per week in Q4 2017 and reach 10,000 vehicles per week in 2018. [ 111 ] however, Tesla missed their Q4 production target by a across-the-board sum, as only 2,425 vehicles were produced during the entire 3-month period. [ 118 ] [ 119 ] Giga Nevada had been intended to produce battery packs for Model 3 and it was announced in January 2017 that Tesla would besides manufacture drive units [ clarification needed ] at Giga Nevada. [ 120 ] In February 2017, Tesla said that initiation of Model 3 manufacture equipment was afoot in the Fremont factory and at Giga Nevada, where in January, production of battery cells for energy-storage products began, which have the lapp form factor as the cells that will be used in Model 3. [ 111 ]
Deliveries [edit ]
2021 update translation of Model 3 In February 2016 Tesla expected to repeat the delivery schedule of the S and X models : sell at foremost the highest-optioned cars with higher margins, to help pay for product equipment. [ 121 ] however, after the lessons learned from the complicated Model X production, Tesla changed its manner of speaking schedule in early 2017 to produce relatively simple cars initially, in rate to reduce production gamble. The first mass-produced Model 3 cars were rear-wheel drive with the long-range battery. [ 122 ] Deliveries began in the second half of 2017 as predicted, [ 62 ] but not in the numbers Tesla had hoped. As industry experts had predicted, Tesla did not meet the announced delivery targets. [ clarification needed ] [ 121 ] [ 122 ] The first delivery was on July 7, 2017, to Musk himself [ 123 ] and the beginning 30 production units were delivered on July 28, 2017. [ 124 ]
|Quarter||Model 3 vehicles produced|
|Quarter||Model 3/Y vehicles produced|
In early July 2017 Musk bode at least six months of unplayful production difficulties. [ 145 ] Tesla ‘s announce finish at that time was to produce 1,500 units in the third quarter of 2017, increasing to 5,000 per week by end of December 2017, [ 146 ] but only 260 vehicles were manufactured during the third quarter. The company blamed production bottlenecks, but said there were “ no fundamental issues with the Model 3 production or supply chain ” and expressed confidence about its ability to resolve the bottlenecks in the about future. [ 147 ] [ 148 ] Tesla delivered just 1,542 Model 3 cars in the fourth draw of 2017, [ 126 ] about 2,900 less than Wall Street estimations, which were already halved previously after Tesla published the ship’s company ‘s third base quarter report. [ 149 ] By early November 2017, Musk had postponed the target date for manufacturing 5,000 of the vehicles per workweek from December 2017 to March 2018. [ 150 ] [ 41 ] An analyst with Cowan and Company, an investing banking firm, said in November 2017 that “ Elon Musk needs to stop over-promising and under-delivering ”. [ 151 ] Customer deliveries totaled 1,764 units in 2017. [ 125 ] [ 126 ]
anterior to a planned closure in mid-april 2018 to farther increase production, Tesla produced more than 2,000 Model 3 vehicles for three true weeks. [ 127 ] Global deliveries passed the 100,000 unit milestone in October 2018. [ 152 ] U.S. Model 3 sales reached the 100,000 unit mark in November 2018, hitting this milestone quick than any previous circuit board electric model sold in the nation. [ 153 ] During the first half of 2018, the Model 3 was the top-selling alternate fuel fomite in California with 12,674 units, followed by the Toyota Prius conventional hybrid ( 10,043 ). [ 154 ] The Model 3 was the top-selling circuit board electric cable car in the U.S. for 12 months in a rowing since January 2018, ending 2018 as the best-selling circuit board with an estimated all-time record of 139,782 units delivered, the first prison term a circuit board car sold more than 100,000 units in one year. [ 155 ] [ 22 ] [ 156 ] Additionally, the Model 3 ranked as the best-selling luxury vehicle in the american market in 2018. [ 157 ] The Model 3 besides topped circuit board electric car sales in California in 2018, with 51,293 units registered, adenine well as the country ‘s best betray cable car in the near luxury category. [ 158 ] [ 159 ] The Model 3 listed as the populace ‘s best selling circuit board electric cable car in 2018. [ 19 ] In 2018, Elon Musk predicted that eventual ball-shaped demand would likely be between 500,000 and 1 million Model 3 cars per year— rate in between the BMW 3 Series and the Volkswagen Golf. [ 160 ]
CCS Combo 2 european socket on a Model 3 retail deliveries in Europe and China began in February 2019. [ 161 ] [ 162 ] Delivery of the beginning right-hand drive vehicles began in June 2019, starting with the UK [ 163 ] and late in Australia and New Zealand. [ 164 ] similarly to how the first US-made Model 3s were delivered to employees in July 2017, the first Chinese-made Model 3 cars were delivered to employees at the end of 2019. [ 165 ] In January 2019 the Model 3 overtook the Model S to become the U.S. all-time best selling all-electric car, [ 166 ] and, the adjacent calendar month, besides passed the Chevrolet Volt to become the all-time top betray circuit board electric car in the U.S. [ 49 ] The Tesla Model 3 ended 2019 as the world ‘s best selling circuit board electric car for the second consecutive year, with just over 300,000 units delivered. [ 19 ] [ 20 ] The electric car besides topped annual circuit board car sales in the U.S. ( 158,925 ) and California ( 59,514 ) markets for the moment time in a course. [ 155 ] [ 158 ] [ 23 ] [ 167 ] And again listed as the California ‘s best selling car in the approach lavishness class in 2019. [ 167 ] The Model 3 besides ranked as the best selling circuit board car in Europe in 2019, with over 95,000 units delivered in its first year in that market, and outselling other key premium models. [ 24 ] besides set records in Norway and the Netherlands, number in both countries not only as the top sell circuit board car but besides as the best betray passenger car model in the overall marketplace. [ 168 ] [ 169 ] The sales volume achieved by the Model 3 in 2019 ( 15,683 ) is the third base largest in norwegian history, exceeded entirely by the Volkswagen Bobla ( Beetle ) in 1969 ( 16,706 ), and Volkswagen Golf in 2015 ( 16,388 ). [ 170 ] The Model 3 set a raw record in the Netherlands for the highest registrations in one month ( 22,137 ) for any single circuit board vehicle in Europe. [ 171 ] The Model 3 besides was the lead deal circuit board car in Canada, Spain, Belgium, Denmark, Switzerland, Australia, New Zealand, Taiwan and Mexico. [ 172 ] [ 173 ]
Until 2019, the Nissan Leaf was the universe ‘s all-time top sell highway legal circuit board electric car, with global sales of 450,000 units by December 2019. [ 174 ] The Tesla Model 3 surpassed Leaf sales in early 2020 to become the world ‘s best selling circuit board electric car ever. [ 16 ] Global sales since origin totaled about 814,000 units up to December 2020. [ 18 ] [ 125 ] [ 126 ] [ 133 ] [ 135 ] The Model 3, with 365,240 ball-shaped deliveries, listed as the universe ‘s best selling circuit board passenger car in 2020 for the third consecutive year, from 2018 to 2020. [ 19 ] [ 20 ] [ 18 ] In 2020, the Model 3 was the best-selling circuit board car in China ( 137,459 ) and the U.S. ( 95,135 ). [ 21 ] [ 25 ] The Model 3 besides was the most popular circuit board electric car in California in 2020 ( 38,580 ), deoxyadenosine monophosphate good as the state ‘s best sell car in the near luxury category. [ 175 ] The Model 3 has topped both California ‘s and the U.S. national circuit board car sales for three years in-a-row, from 2018 to 2020, [ 21 ] [ 22 ] [ 23 ] [ 175 ]
In 2021, the Model 3 became the all-time best-selling electric vehicle in the Netherlands with over 78,996 cars registered at the end of June 2021. [ 176 ] The Model 3 became the first gear electric car to sell over 1 million units globally in June 2021. [ 17 ] It was besides the best-selling electric fomite of 2021 in the UK, with 34,783 registered, beating the second most democratic electric car, the Kia e-Niro, by over 22,500 registrations. These figures besides made the Model 3 the second best-seller in the UK new cable car commercialize in 2021, alone beaten by the Vauxhall Corsa, a cheaper B-segment vehicle. The 9,612 Model 3s sold in December were more than double over the sales of any other car in that calendar month. [ 177 ] In October 2021, Hertz car lease ordered 100,000 full-price Model 3 cars for its rental fleet. [ 178 ] [ 179 ]
Concerns [edit ]
In May 2018 Consumer Reports found “ big flaws, such as retentive stopping distances in our emergency braking test and difficult-to-use controls ”, finding the braking distance was worse than a Ford F-150 life-size hand truck, and branding the Model 3 “ not recommended ”. Tesla responded to the claims with refer and, over the future weekend, released an OTA update for the anti-lock brake algorithm. Consumer Reports, impressed with the immediate OTA update, verified the better brake performance and changed their rat to a recommended model. [ 181 ] In February 2019 Consumer Reports revoked the Model 3 recommendation because “ many customers have reported problems with the [ car ], including idle body clean-cut and glass defects. ” [ 182 ] As with Model S and Model X, Model 3 production flaws were reduced over prison term. [ 183 ] In November 2019 Consumer Reports reinstated the Model 3 recommendation, claiming it was the fifth-most reliable of twelve covenant luxury cars. [ 184 ] During long-run testing of a Model 3 in December 2019, Car and Driver experienced a raise inverter brusque after 5,286 miles ( 8,507 kilometer ) and 3 months of possession. [ 185 ] It was their first long-run vehicle to suffer such a major bankruptcy while parked. [ 186 ] In 2020, due to the coronavirus outbreak, blockage of the Shanghai factory at the end of January, and provision chain issues, Tesla used the 2.5 version processor alternatively of the 3.0 processor that chinese users expected to find in their vehicles. This led to mass complaints. Tesla promised to upgrade the hardware unblock of charge once the provide chain is restored. [ 187 ] The 2021 Tesla Model 3 vehicles built on or after April 27, 2021 had a modification made to some of its condom features such as Forward Collision Warning ( FCW ) and Automatic Emergency Braking ( AEB ), this has resulted in a lower Consumer Reports and Institute for Highway Safety ( IIHS ) score. The feature of speech deepen is a move from using Radar to Camera engineering called Tesla Vision. [ 188 ]
Specifications [edit ]
first gear production Tesla Model 3 cars ready for the pitch event on July 28, 2017
Engineering and changes [edit ]
When product began in 2017, the base Model 3 was announced to have a 50-kWh battery with a range of about 220 miles ( 350 kilometer ) while the optional 75-kWh battery would have a range of about 310 miles ( 500 kilometer ). [ 3 ] [ 189 ] Tesla did not produce basal Model 3s in 2017 or 2018. The battery uses 2170 -size lithium-ion cells. [ 190 ] [ 191 ] The 350-volt ( nominal, 400v soap ) Model 3 battery packs are made of four longitudinal modules each containing the groups ( bricks ). The Standard Range version carries 2,976 cells arranged in 96 groups of 31. The long Range version carries 4,416 cells arranged in 96 groups of 46, and weighs [ 192 ] 1,060 pounds ( 480 kilogram ) in a 0.40 m³ volume ; a density of 150 Wh/kg. [ 193 ] [ 194 ] The car ‘s onboard AC/DC converter is 11 kilowatt. [ 195 ] In Europe this requires Three-phase electric exponent, differently single-phase exponent is 7.4 kilowatt. [ 196 ] Tesla continues to improve the blueprint of the 2170 battery cellular telephone and introduces incremental improvements into the manufacture production line sporadically. [ 197 ] Tesla began manufacture of the “ light, better, cheaper ” [ 198 ] 2170 cell during 2018, with a company goal of reducing the cost of meet battery packs to US $ 100 per kilowatt-hour ( kWh ) by December 2018, and moving the new cell into volume production at Giga Nevada during the first base quarter of 2019. Electrek reported in late 2018 that the improved battery cellular telephone design was needed to further reduce battery costs as Tesla was planning to begin to deliver the Model 3 Standard Range for the promise free-base price of US $ 35,000 the adopt year. [ 198 ] [ needs update ] The inverter for the Model 3 drive unit uses 24 pairs of silicon carbide ( SiC ) MOSFET chips rated for 650 volts [ clarification needed ] each. [ 199 ] In July 2018 media reported that a Model 3 prototype was seen in California and Nevada while towing a trailer in an apparent evaluation of a tow browning automatic rifle. [ 200 ] In May 2019 Tesla started offering an optional tow bar rated for 2,000 pounds ( 910 kilogram ) available with Standard Range Plus and Long Range for the European Model 3. [ 201 ] [ 202 ] [ 203 ] Towing a trailer may increase pulmonary tuberculosis by 40 %. [ 204 ] The Model 3 uses regenerative brake, which was tweaked and improved in October 2018 via a software update. [ 205 ] In October 2019 Tesla released a software update including a 5 % exponent upgrade and extremum exponent optimization to owners of the Model 3, via software adaptation 2019.36.2.1, which showed obtrusive improvements in acceleration and overall travel rapidly. [ 206 ] In December 2019, Tesla offered Long Range dual-motor Model 3 owners who had software translation 2019.40.2 the option to purchase a US $ 2000 “ Acceleration Boost ” software upgrade enabling a Sport drive mode, [ 207 ] advertised to reduce 0-60 miles per hour ( 97 kilometers per hour ) meter from 4.4s to 3.9s. Road testing confirmed better-than-expected acceleration with drivers in Sport mode reaching 0-60 miles per hour ( 97 kilometers per hour ) in 3.67s from deadlock and 3.47s with a 1 foot rollout. [ 208 ] The Model 3 is by and large sword, with some aluminum. [ 209 ] The 185 curium ( 6.07 foot ) width was chosen to fit with automatize parking systems in Japan. [ citation needed ] Due to its smaller size, the Model 3 is expected to consume less energy than the Model Y, and thus have longer range. [ 210 ] traditional stability control is not made for dual-motor command or the faster answer clock time in electric motors, and Tesla modified the see unit. [ 211 ] The motors have magnets arranged in a Halbach align. [ 212 ] The cooling system system is integrated to reduce size and cost. [ 213 ] sometime during August 2020, Tesla added heating hardware to the Model 3 ‘s agitate port which was enabled by software update later in the class to prevent internal-combustion engine buildup. [ 214 ] [ 215 ]
Specifications board [edit ]
guard [edit ]
Following crash testing in 2019, the Model 3 performed very well, receiving five stars in every class from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration [ 264 ] [ 265 ] and a 94 % Euro NCAP score in active safety. [ 266 ] [ 267 ]
|NHTSA (US)||Euro NCAP||ANCAP||IIHS (US)|
|Overall||Overall||Overall||Small overlap front, driver side||Good|
|Frontal, driver||Adult occupant||36.7 pts / 96%||Adult occupant||36.70 pts / 96%||Small overlap front, passenger side||Good|
|Frontal, passenger||Child occupant||42.3 Pts / 86%||Child occupant||42.88 Pts / 87%||Moderate overlap front||Good|
|Side, driver||Vulnerable Road Users||35.7 Pts / 74%||Vulnerable Road Users||35.69 Pts / 74%||Side||Good|
|Side, passenger||Driver assist||12.3 Pts / 94%||Driver assist||12.35 Pts / 94%||Roof strength||Good|
|Side pole, driver||Roof strength||Good|
|Rollover||6.6%||Head restraints & seats||Good|
|Front crash prevention||Superior|
reception [edit ]
Tesla Model 3s in colors Silver Metallic ( left ) and Midnight Silver ( justly )
- Car-design columnist and former car designer for GM Robert Cumberford said the Model 3 “is an excellent design” and praised the front fascia skin that he thinks is superior to the black plastic simulated grille of the pre-refresh Model S. Cumberford praised the Model 3’s minimalist design, and “elegant simplicity” akin to Apple products. Although he criticized the car’s spoiler, he said the Model 3 has a design that would age well, and “in 10 years it will still look contemporary and beautifully understated, not old and irrelevant.”
- Motor Trend said the nose was controversial and polarizing, but probably intentionally so. Vanity Fair and others compared the Model 3 to the Ford Model T for its intended affordability as a volume-produced electric vehicle and for its limited set of options, namely range, wheels and exterior color of which all but white costs extra. Automotive journalist Doug DeMuro said the Model 3 was better, though $2,000 more expensive, than the BMW 340i and that it was the “coolest car of the year,” later clarifying that this was based on the “long waiting lists, obsessive interest and news stories.” Alex Roy said that DeMuro’s review had concentrated on hardware details and missed out on the bigger picture.
- Automotive-industry analyst Toni Sacconaghi of AllianceBernstein said after driving one of the early Tesla vehicles in November 2017 that “Overall, we found the Model 3 to be a compelling offering, and believe it is likely to further galvanize the overall Electric Vehicle category.” He was less impressed with build quality of the test samples. “Fit and finish on the two demo cars we saw—perhaps not surprisingly—was relatively poor.” He said that there were quality issues at first with the Model X which led to some concern. “This is going to be a much, much higher-volume car, and if there are any quality issues, that could overwhelm the service centers and undermine the Tesla brand.” Nonetheless, Sacconaghi was impressed with the ride quality, performance and interior space, and concluded that the 3 “risks cannibalizing the [much more expensive] Model S going forward.”
- Road & Track ‘s Bob Sorokanich said the “Model 3 proves that Tesla is thinking far beyond the edges of the Model S and X. Stepping out of the 3, you realize that, as far as the S and X pushed the envelope, they were always meant as intermediaries, stepping stones designed to draw people away from comfortable convention and into the future of the automobile. … The Model 3 is Tesla at its most unabashed. It’s an automaker finally willing to abandon the skeuomorphism of a false radiator grille, the tradition of a driver-oriented gauge panel.”
- In 2018, a Model 3 was driven 606.2 miles (975 km) on a single charge, setting a hypermiling driving record.
- In early 2019, Kelley Blue Book announced that the Tesla Model 3 was the winner of the “Best Resale Value Award” for all automobiles in the US market “with a projected 69.3% resale value after 36 months and 48.7% after 60 months.”
Awards [edit ]
- Popular Mechanics named the Tesla Model 3 as the magazine’s 2018 Car of the Year. Model 3 was given the 2018 Design of the Year award by Automobile magazine.
- In the United Kingdom, the Model 3 was named 2019 Car of the Year by Auto Express magazine, and 2020 Car of the Year by Parkers magazine, where it was also named “Best Electric Car” and “Best Company Car”, and won the “Best Safety” award for any vehicle on the market.
- The Model 3 won best mid-size car in the 2019 Das Goldene Lenkrad Golden Steering Wheel awards.
- The Model 3 was named the top-rated electric car of 2019 by Edmunds.com, as well as being named Edmunds’ top-rated Luxury Electric Vehicle for 2020.
- In late 2019, the Model 3 was also named a Top Safety Pick+ by the IIHS. The Model 3 also won Car of the Year in Denmark, Car of the Year 2020 in Norway, and Swiss Car of the Year 2020.
- The Model 3 was named as UK Car of the Year 2020 by a panel of 29 motoring journalists. The director of the awards stated that the car’s “technology, performance and range” were converting opinions in favour of electric vehicles.
- The car was chosen as one of the Top 10 Tech Cars by the IEEE in 2018.
- In January 2021, the Model 3 Standard Range Plus was named Large Electric Car of the Year by What Car? magazine. What Car? awarded the Model 3 five stars out of five in its review of the car.
Recalls [edit ]
- In December 2021 356,309 2017–2020 Model 3 vehicles were recalled because of the possibility of damage to the rear view camera wiring harness caused by trunk operation.
See besides [edit ]
References [edit ]
- Model 3
- on YouTube – 2018 model, side crash test
- on YouTube – 2018 model, frontal crash test
- on YouTube – 2018 model, side pole crash test
- on YouTube – 2018 model, engineer vehicle tear-down